Medieval Orders of Chivalry
These were not merely high honors. The members of the order were normally expected to stand with the master in battle, as did Sir Thomas Erpingham, chief of the archers at Agincourt.
-Order of the Garter (1348) founded by King Edward III of England.
The ribbon around the shield signifies the status of Order of the Garter. The words Honi soit qui mal y pense mean Ashamed be he who thinks ill of it.
-Order of the Star (1351), King John II of France founded it in response to Edward's creation of the Garter.
-The Breton Order of Ermine (1382)
-The Golden Apple (1394), Knights of Auvergne and Bourbonnais.
-The Orleanist Porcupine (1396)
-The Golden Shield (1414), The Duke of Bourbon.
-The Dragon (c.1414), The Count of Foix.
-The Prisoner's Chain (1415), The Duke of Bourbon.
-Order of the Golden Fleece (1430), Philip the Good of Burgundy. "From the great love we bear to the noble order of chivalry, whose honor and prosperity are our only concern... and for the furtherance of virtue and good manners." The Dukes of Burgundy placed at its disposal the resources of their enormous wealth. In their view, the order was to serve not only as a symbol of their power; it could also be used to tie together the scattered dominions of the Burgundian state.
The lamb at the bottom represents membership in the Order of the Golden Fleece.
-The Crescent (1448), Rene of Anjou.
-The Green Shield of the White Lady (?), The 2nd Marshal of Bouccicaut.