Starting Population 5,192 % of Worldwide 16.8%
Population Starting Income 154,433 % of Worldwide 24.1%
Income Starting GDP 1,841,403 % of Worldwide GDP 29.8% Starting Surplus 2,446 % of Worldwide 7.5%
Comments: Italy is a Kingdom within the Holy Roman Empire, constituting the northern half of the great peninsula of that name. In ancient times the home of the Etruscans and Celts, the area was incorporated into the Roman world in the centuries before Christ, becoming one of the richest parts of the Empire. After the fall of Rome it was overrun by numerous bands of barbarians, most of whom formed kingdoms of greater or lesser duration.
In the late 8th century, Charlemagne extended his power over the area, creating the present kingdom, which has been a part of the Holy Roman Empire ever since, albeit that the authority of the Emperors has worn quite thin, particularly after their great struggle with the Popes over the last two centuries.